Miter Saw / November 30, 2018 / Tina Abrahamsson
The greatest benefit of having a miter saw is that you can finish your work quickly and spend more quality time with your family. A miter saw (also called as mitre saw and less commonly miter box) is a mechanical tool used for making accurate crosscuts and miters in a workpiece. There are two types of miter saws commonly found. These are manual miter saw and a motorized miter saw. The first miter saw ever made in the world was a manual miter saw. It is a saw having replaceable blades suspended on rollers in a metal guide which allows making of accurate crosscuts and miter cuts. These are more commonly used in picture framing but have now been replaced by its power operated counterpart. The manual miter saw is also the sliding miter saw. The motorized miter saw which is operated on power is also called as chop saw or drop saw. It is a power operated tool that is used to make quick accurate crosscuts in a work piece. This power tool is commonly used in framing operations and cutting of molding.
Most of these miter saws are portable with blade sizes ranging from eight to twelve inches. This saw works by pulling a circular saw blade down onto a work piece in a short controlled motion the work piece being held against a fence. This fence provides an accurate cutting angle between the blade and the longest work piece edge. In a standard position this angle is fixed at 90 degrees. The primary feature that distinguishes this saw from others is its miter index that allows the angle of the blade to be altered relative to the fence. Whereas most miter saws provide a facility to make a one degree incremental change to the miter index many also provide stops that allow the miter index to be properly set to common angles of repose like 15 degrees 30 degrees or 45 degrees. Some salient features of the sliding miter saws are as under: - A compound feature allows the angle of the cutting blade to be altered relative to the cutting plane. This also allows the saw to be used for bevel cutting.
Miter saws can be used in a woodworking shop as a permanently installed tool or on the jobsite as a portable or semi-portable unit. I will discuss the construction of miter saw tables appropriate to both types of installations. The purpose of a miter saw table is two-fold: (1) to elevate the saw to a comfortable working height for the operator and (2) to provide a surface to the left and/or right of the saw for the extension of the fence and to provide support for long materials while being cut. If you have ever tried to cut a 45-degree miter at one end of a 2 x 6 x 12 you know why a miter saw table or roller stand is absolutely required. Very often miter saws are used to make repetitive cuts of the same length.