Miter Saw / November 30, 2018 / Tina Abrahamsson
Use a long straightedge in all directions to make sure that the miter saw and the miter saw table are flush with each other. Mount the saw securely to the shelf using lag screws. Once the miter saw is mounted you can begin to construct the fence or fences. A simple inexpensive fence can be constructed using 1 x 4 or 1 x 6 clear fir boards. These boards should be hand selected for straightness and jointed on one edge. One board will be the actual fence and the other will keep it straight from behind. The fence sits with its jointed edge on the saw table top while the back-up board lies flat on the table behind the fence with its jointed edge joined to the bottom of the fence.
These precise miter cuts are made with the downward motion of a circular saw blade that spins with the power of the tools motor. There are several types of miter saw available the standard miter a compound miter and a sliding or compound sliding miter saw. The standard miter has a blade pivot from right to left to cut miters; this saw is however becoming less popular as compound miters have more applications and are only slightly more expensive. Compound miters have the ability to bevel cut or tip the blade to either the left or right side (00 - 500). Some can bevel in both directions allowing operators to miter and bevel within the same cut (-500 through 500). A sliding miter saw is just like a compound miter but with extension rods that allow the saw blade and motor to move forward and back.
A distinguishing characteristic of a miter saw is the rounded miter index that allows the angle of the blade to be changed relative to the "fence" the bar that holds your stock in place. The protractor-shaped index often has pre-designated "stops" so you can quickly swing the saw head to the angle you want and lock it in place. The Makita LS1040 has nine stops: four to the left and right and the 90-degree straight cut setting. I had previously used a friends mitre saw at a job site and had experienced some trouble with the grip which didnt fit my hand very well. So that was definitely one of the features I considered before choosing the Makita. My new saw has a vertical grip design with a thumb-activated safety switch that lets me use the saw comfortably with either hand. The large paddle trigger is easy to squeeze no matter how Im holding the handle. Motor and Blade Brake There are a number of motor sizes used in miter saws. The LS1040 has a 15-amp motor which is one of the larger motors found on this size of compound mitre saws. Ive found that I can easily cut through tough hardwoods with this powerful motor.