Miter Saw / October 29, 2018 / Pernilla Lund.
There are three basic types available; the power miter saw compound miter saw or sliding compound miter saw. The power miter saw is a basic model that is good for a person who only intends to make simple cuts of 90 degrees or less such as the cuts necessary for trimming studs to frame a house. A compound miter saw is more versatile than the simpler power model since it adjusts for both miter and bevel cuts. Sliding compound models are more advanced and most versatile model of all miter saws. Because the motor and blade assembly is mounted on a movable arm this saw is perfect for accommodating longer pieces of wood while still performing beautiful cuts on smaller pieces as well. If the project you are doing around the house is quite extensive you might want to consider also purchasing a miter saw stand. The stand is one of the most important elements of a miter saw setup. If the saw does not have a good stable place to sit operating the machine will be frustrating and tedious. A stand will also provide a place for very long pieces of wood to rest while being cut. The purpose you intend to use the saw for will determine what type of stand you should purchase.
These precise miter cuts are made with the downward motion of a circular saw blade that spins with the power of the tools motor. There are several types of miter saw available the standard miter a compound miter and a sliding or compound sliding miter saw. The standard miter has a blade pivot from right to left to cut miters; this saw is however becoming less popular as compound miters have more applications and are only slightly more expensive. Compound miters have the ability to bevel cut or tip the blade to either the left or right side (00 - 500). Some can bevel in both directions allowing operators to miter and bevel within the same cut (-500 through 500). A sliding miter saw is just like a compound miter but with extension rods that allow the saw blade and motor to move forward and back.
A slightly more expensive and far better alternative is to use a metal track or tracks with a flip-up stop and measuring tape built in. Such a device is manufactured by Kreg Tools and is available in 4-foot track lengths that can be butted together to make longer lengths. My miter saw table requires four 4-foot tracks two for each side of the saw. The track is mounted to the top of the wooden fence you just made. You will have to adjust the height of the wooden fence (2 1/4"+ above the table top) so that the bottom of the flip-up stop clears the table by about 1/16" in the down position. The nice thing about the flip-up stop is that it can be flipped up out of the way without losing its measurement setting along the measuring tape.
High-speed steel blades will hold an edge longer but the real ticket is a carbide-tipped blade which will stay sharpest the longest. I was pleased to see that the Makita LS1040 came with a 40-tooth carbide-tipped blade perfect for a variety of tasks Im doing. When I do need to change the blade theres a shaft lock that immobilizes the blade making it easier to get a wrench on the blade arbor and loosen it avoiding nicked fingers. So those are the things I looked for when choosing my miter saw: a powerful motor the ability to make both angle and bevel cuts at the same time an easy-to-use grip and safety features like the blade brake. Im glad l got a durable saw because once the crown moldings were finished my wife started thinking about adding a chair rail in several rooms and I was off to the lumber yard again. Every large entity starts out as a humble and small enterprise.