Miter Saw / November 30, 2018 / OdeletteGervais.
The standard miter has a blade pivot from right to left to cut miters; this standard saw is however becoming less popular as compound miters have more applications and are only slightly more expensive. Compound miters have the ability to bevel cut or tip the blade to either the left or right side (0° - 50°). Some can bevel in both directions allowing operators to miter and bevel within the same cut (-50° through 50°). Lastly a sliding miter saw is just like a compound miter but with extension rods that allow the saw blade and motor to move forward and back. This motion increases the blade cut capacity enabling the cut length to be longer than the blade diameter.
Screw the fence to the table loosely so that it can be adjusted. Use the long straight edge on the miter saws table and on the front of the fence to align the fence perfectly and screw down tightly. Repeat for the other side of the table if there is one. For the left fence place a "right to left" reading stick-on measuring tape along the top of the fence. For the right fence place a "left to right" reading stick-on measuring tape along the top of that fence. Before sticking down the tapes must be aligned perfectly. The left tape is measuring the distance from the left side of the saw blade teeth and the right tape is measuring the distance from the right side of the saw blade teeth. With a simple wooden fence like this you can use wooden stop blocks clamped to the fence with C-clamps for repetitive cuts.
For starters a sliding compound miter saw is designed with two rail-like tubes that allow the blade to move back and forth in a larger range of motion. This grows crosscutting capacity by a few inches and allows users to through-cut wider boards (usually with one easy pass). Because of these tubes though sliding compound miters saws are typically heavier they are less portable and theyre more expensive. With the exception of some Bosch and Makita saws that utilize a kind of articulating arm in lieu of sliding-tubes sliding compound miters also require more room (especially at the rear of the saw) to work properly.
To get technical for a very brief moment (and using the average 10-inch compound miter saw and the average 12-inch sliding compound miter saw (opposite ends of the spectrum to bookend your possible cutting capacities) 10 and 12-inch miter saws usually offer the following cutting capacities: Max Crosscut at 90-Degrees: 2-1/2-inches by 6-inches - through - 4-1/2-inches by 12-1/2-inches. Max Crosscut at 45-Degrees: 2-inches by 8-inches - through - 4-1/2-inches by 8-1/2-inches. Blade at 45-degrees: 2-inches by 6-inches cut - through - 3-inches by 12-inches. Max Standing Molding: 4-inches - through - 6-inches. Bevel: Bevel controls allow users to adjust the angle of the blade to make angled cuts along the thickness of a board.